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The Economic and Environmental Impacts of Agricultural Subsidies : An Assessment of the 2002 US Farm Bill & Doha Round

Par: Karel Mayrand, Marc Paquin, Stéphanie Dionne & Isaak Pageot-LeBel , 2003-06-01

 This report analyses the impacts of the 2002 US Farm Bill on agricultural production and trade, and tries to foresee some of the potential outcomes of the Doha Round on world agricultural markets. It then looks at the environmental and equity impacts of OECD countries agricultural subsidies.
International trade policies and government intervention through subsidies and indirect forms of support influence agricultural production choices such as type of crop or livestock, mode (technology and inputs) and output. Such trends can result in global effects in trade level, industry structure and production location, which in turn may affect the state of the environment. This report analyses the impacts of the 2002 US Farm Bill on agricultural production and trade, and tries to foresee some of the potential outcomes of the Doha Round on world agricultural markets. It then looks at the environmental and equity impacts of OECD countries subsidies. The study also looks at the complex dynamic at play in the subsidies/environment relationship, and tries to develop a methodology for classifying different types of agricultural subsidies according to their relative environmental impact. It then elaborates some policy recommendations in the context of the Doha Round.

CEC_-_Agricultural_Subsidies_-_June_2003-2 (PDF)
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